It was in the year 1904 that the first
experiments towards understanding an
animal's ability to think were brought into
public light. Wilhelm von Osten then
introduced his stallion Hans II to all who
seemed interested in the subject, and the
most diametrically opposed opinions were
soon rife with regard to the abilities of
this horse, to which von Osten maintained he
had succeeded in teaching both spelling and
The animal's mental activity was said to lie
in a simple form of thinking, called into
being and intensified by means of a certain
amount of instruction. Von Osten, who had
been a schoolmaster, had previously spent
some fourteen years in testing the
intelligence of two other horses before he
ventured to make his experiences public, and
the performances of these animals were not
only remarkable, but of far-reaching
Hans I, aged twelve, died in 1905. He had
never appeared in public, since his
abilities had been relatively modest. He
had, nevertheless, been able to count up to
five, as well as carry out quite a number of
It was Hans II, however, that convinced his
master—as early as 1902—of his ability to
comprehend a far greater range of the German
alphabet (when written), as well as to
recognize a certain number of colours.
Instances, denoting signs of evident
reflection and memory, had led to Wilhelm
von Osten turning his thoughts towards this
work of animal tuition.
Public opinion was divided; there were some
who took the subject seriously and who were
grateful to this innovator for thus opening
a new path of inquiry; yet many were
sceptical—and the scientific commission
called together in 1904 to investigate the
subject, finally knew no better than to heap
their ridicule on the careful and patient
labours of a lifetime.
"Der kluge Hans" ("wise" or "clever
Hans")—by that time already a public
character—now evoked supercilious smiles and
stood disgraced in the eyes of the majority.
Only a few, capable of delving more deeply
into the subject, continued to follow these
performances with ever-increasing interest
and amazement and kept their faith whole.
Read more when you order this book on DVD!
- before it's too LATE! Once you
leave this page this DVD may be gone
Thought and Speech of Animals DVD
costs just $17 or the price of pizza.
must act right away because we have
limited copies of this DVD and the price
is going up soon!
today and your The Thought and Speech of
Animals DVD, pop it into your DVD drive
and start enjoying!
Your Name here
P.S. Be sure to get this DVD now while you
have the chance. You will not see this page
again, so I strongly urge you to take
advantage of this amazing deal and save
yourself a bundle.
YES!! I want this great offer now!
No thanks. I will pass on the great deal. I
know I'll never be given this opportunity
ever again and I'm OK with that. I also
understand that these options at this price
will NEVER be made available to me again. I
wish all the luck to those that buy this
offer and will make money with it.